The way to Unite a Deeply Divided Kosovo? Identify a Lake After Trump


ZUBIN POTOK, Kosovo — Ljiljana Trifonovic, an ethnic Serb dwelling in a waterside hamlet in northern Kosovo, by no means cared for American politicians — “they’re all towards us,” she mentioned — however she took a shine to Donald J. Trump when he was within the White Home.

“He’s a bit loopy like we’re and has the identical hair shade I do,” Ms. Trifonovic, 58, mentioned, patting her orangey-blond mane.

All the identical, it got here as a impolite shock late final yr when an enormous banner all of a sudden appeared subsequent to the reservoir outdoors her house declaring the water “Trump Lake.” One other huge banner went up on the similar time on a bridge down the street asserting that it might now be referred to as “Trump Bridge.”

“We have already got our personal title for the lake. Why Trump?” Ms. Trifonovic requested, mystified and likewise aggravated by the abrupt renaming of the very first thing she sees each morning when she seems to be out her window.

However issues aren’t that straightforward. The bogus lake, created within the early Seventies by a giant hydroelectric challenge when Kosovo was nonetheless a part of Yugoslavia, has not one however two names: one utilized by Serbians — Gazivoda — and one other — Ujman — utilized by the ethnic Albanians who now dominate Kosovo, which declared independence from Serbia in 2008.

Most issues in Kosovo have two names and that’s not often a giant deal. The 2 communities, which not often combine and harbor deep suspicions of one another, simply use whichever they need.

However what to name the practically five-square-mile reservoir, which extends into Serbia however lies principally in Kosovo, grew to become a difficulty late final yr when officers from the 2 international locations grew to become entangled in an unorthodox diplomatic push by the Trump administration to heal the toxic rift between the 2 communities.

The hassle, led by Mr. Trump’s ambassador in Berlin, Richard Grenell, sidelined the State Division and likewise the European Union, each of which had been working for years, with little success, to get Serbia to just accept the existence of Kosovo as an unbiased state. Divided by ethnicity, language and historical past, Kosovo’s majority Albanian inhabitants and its Serb minority disagree on nearly the whole lot, significantly the standing of the land they share.

Hoping that mutual financial pursuits would possibly assist break down intractable political limitations, Mr. Grenell, whom the White Home named as a particular emissary entrusted with making an attempt to barter a Kosovo settlement, proposed sending consultants from the Division of Power to look into upgrading the aged hydroelectric plant on the reservoir, which might doubtlessly profit each side.

“What to name the lake that’s in Kosovo and Serbia has been a severe sticking level,” Mr. Grenell posted on Twitter in September as he struggled to dealer a deal that he hoped would add a diplomatic feather to Mr. Trump’s cap within the weeks earlier than the November election.

In what began as a joke, Mr. Grenell recommended that calling it “Trump Lake” would possibly assist. However the joke then grew to become severe. Kosovo’s prime minister on the time, Avdullah Hoti, despatched a tweet that he “welcomed Amb. Grenell’s proposal that Lake Ujman be renamed Trump Lake.”

Officers within the Serbian capital Belgrade, desirous to please Mr. Trump, whom they thought-about extra sympathetic to their facet than earlier American presidents, additionally welcomed the concept.

Then, to simply about everybody’s dismay, the banners appeared.

Kosovo, maybe the world’s most pro-American nation, already has a Invoice Clinton Boulevard and a statue of the previous Democratic president, who presided over a NATO bombing marketing campaign towards Serbia within the late Nineteen Nineties, in addition to a Hillary Boutique and a freeway named after President Biden’s late son, Beau, a military officer who helped practice Kosovo judges after the 1988-89 warfare.

So honoring Mr. Trump, it might have been cheap to imagine, wouldn’t ruffle too many feathers.

Ethnic Albanians are so grateful to the USA for saving them from Serbian rampages within the Nineteen Nineties that “practically something proposed by America will likely be accepted, irrespective of how silly,” mentioned Valdete Idrizi, a member of the Kosovo Parliament from the northern metropolis of Mitrovica. “With out the U.S. we’d not have a Kosovo state.”

However Mr. Grenell’s recommended title change for the unreal lake proved a bridge too far for even essentially the most ardent pro-Individuals, who by no means actually preferred the concept of “Trump Lake” and have turn out to be outspokenly hostile to it now that they not want to fret about making good with the previous president.

“We’re not going to alter the title, clearly. The lake has a reputation,” Vjosa Osmani, Kosovo’s American-educated appearing president and an knowledgeable in worldwide legislation, mentioned final week in an interview in Pristina, the Kosovo capital. “It was very awkward to listen to folks joke about it. It is a matter of sovereignty.”

The proposed title change, nonetheless, has achieved a singularly elusive objective on this a part of the world: It has united ethnic Albanians and Serbs in Kosovo. Virtually everyone thinks the concept ludicrous.

“The lake has a reputation and it’s not and by no means will likely be Trump,” mentioned Ms. Trifonovic’s 31-year-old son, Milan. “How would you Individuals really feel if one in every of your lakes all of a sudden grew to become Milosevic Lake?” he requested, referring to Serbia’s former autocratic chief Slobodan Milosevic. “This complete factor is insane.”

Who put up the professionally printed canvas banners, which vanished after a number of days, is a thriller.

Ethnic Albanian leaders denied any duty, as did President Aleksandar Vucic of Serbia, who claimed in September that they had been an area initiative by ethnic Serbs dwelling close to the lake as a result of “Kosovo Serbs love the president of the USA Donald Trump.”

This got here as a shock to native Serbs, together with the mayor of Zubin Potok, a dismal Kosovo Serb city close to the lake. The mayor, who declined to be interviewed, advised an area journalist that he knew nothing concerning the banners renaming the lake and bridge till she referred to as him.

At a smokey cafe within the city’s cultural heart final week, prospects giggled and choked on their espressos when requested about Trump Lake. The barkeeper, who gave solely his first title, Peter, mentioned a greater title can be “Melania Lake” as a result of, as a local of Slovenia, one other former Yugoslav territory, the previous first woman is no less than a Slav and, in contrast to Mr. Trump, most likely is aware of the place Kosovo is.

Dejan Nedeljkovic, a political activist within the space who, in contrast to many Serbs in Kosovo, is extremely crucial of the Belgrade management, mentioned he first discovered concerning the banners from watching TV and is definite that Mr. Vucic, Serbia’s more and more authoritarian president, had them put up “as a result of he wished to indicate off that he’s a good friend of Trump and to flatter him as a grasp of diplomacy.”

“It’s complete idiocy that they got here up this concept,” Mr. Nedeljkovic added.

However Mr. Trump, delighted to be hailed as a peacemaker, reveled in the concept he alone had been capable of calm the Balkans, telling a marketing campaign rally in Nebraska simply days earlier than the U.S. election that “they’ve been combating for 400 years” however, due to his efforts, are actually “hugging and kissing.”

Serbia retains a decent grip on ethnic kin dwelling in Kosovo, the place Serbian enclaves, significantly within the north, not often acknowledge the federal government in Pristina and as an alternative take directions from Belgrade, which controls a separate well being service, faculty system and media equipment for Serbs dwelling in Kosovo.

Bucking Belgrade’s line will be perilous. Oliver Ivanovic, a independent-minded Kosovo Serb politician in Mitrovica, lower than an hour’s drive from the reservoir, was assassinated in 2018 by unknown gunmen. Rada Trajkovic, a hospital employee and politician in a Serb enclave close to Pristina who has been crucial of Belgrade’s heavy hand, went into hiding not too long ago, fearing for her security. She mentioned dissenting Serbs face “horrible stress.”

Mr. Trifonovic, whose home, now deep in snow, overlooks the reservoir, confirmed off footage of himself enjoying with associates within the lake in summer season, when the water, shimmering within the solar, takes on the hues of the Mediterranean.

Instructed that Serbia’s president appeared to love the “Trump Lake” concept, he rapidly dropped his earlier hostility to the title change. “He’s the president. If he desires to name it Trump Lake, then we’ll name it that,” Mr. Trifonovic mentioned. “However in my coronary heart it is going to keep because it all the time was.”